Le Classico are the derbies between the French football clubs Paris Saint-Germain (short: PSG or Paris SG) from the capital Paris and Olympique Marseille (short: OM) from the southern port city of Marseille on the Mediterranean called. The name is based on the duels of the two Spanish top clubs Real Madrid and FC Barcelona, which carry the name El Clásico.
The founding of Olympique Marseille dates back to 1899. Marseille belonged in 1932 to the circle of the 20 founding members of Division 1 They are nicknamed Les Phocéens (German The Phoenicians). The first championship in Division 1 won OM 1937 due to a better goal difference compared to FC Sochaux. In the same year the Stade Vélodrome was inaugurated. The venue is now, after its renovation and expansion to 60,000 seats for the World Cup in 1998, the largest stadium in the French league. After two second places in the following years 1938 and 1939, the Second World War interrupted the game operation of the major league. After the World War Olympique Marseille 1948 could enter the second championship title. It was followed by variable years, in which the white-blue commutes between midfield and lower part of the table.
In 1959, Marseille, the last founding member of Division 1, had to make it to duality. After a brief return in 1962, OM was able to re-establish himself in the French soccer bar in the mid-1960s. After the Cup victory in 1969 and a second place in the league in 1970, Olympique 1971 and 1972 entered a third and fourth time in the winner list of Division 1. The Yugoslav striker Josip Skoblar scored 44 goals in the championship season 1970/71. A best performance, which has until today stock in the highest French league and he also received the Golden Boot as the top scorer of the year in Europe. With the success in the Coupe de France in 1972, the club managed the double. In the 1970s, followed by another cup win in 1976. Thereafter, the club slipped back into mediocrity and in 1980 followed the descent. After returning in 1984, the Marseillais were able to prevent the 17th place just under the renewed descent.
The southern French took a steep rise with the takeover of the presidency by the businessman and politician Bernard Tapie in 1986. The club committed in the following seasons, among others, the German national player Rudi Völler, Karlheinz Förster and Klaus Allofs. In addition, in the period from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, Éric Cantona, Jean-Pierre Papin, Abédi Pele, Chris Waddle, Marcel Desailly, Jean Tigana, Alain Giresse, Enzo Francescoli, Didier Deschamps, Fabien Barthez, Alen Bokšić and Basile Boli the jersey of Olympique. The sporting success was not long in coming. 1989 could be won with the championship and the cup victory the second double. The title win of Division 1 began a series of four championships (1989, 1990, 1991 and 1992) in a row. The highlight was winning the 1993 UEFA Champions League against AC Milan (1-0). Previously, they failed in 1991 in the final of the European Champions Cup on penalties (3: 5) to Red Star Belgrade.
After the biggest success came the crash. The championship title in 1993 OM was denied because of the “OM-VA affair”, game manipulation by bribes. In addition, Marseille was sentenced to the 1994/95 season in the Division 2 offenses. This was only a short stint and the direct resurgence succeeded. In the 2010s OM found its way back to success. In 2010, the Phocéens, after a dry spell of 17 years, could celebrate their ninth championship title. In addition, three wins of the Coupe de la Ligue in the years 2010, 2011 and 2012 and 2010 and 2011, the trophy of the champion.
The Paris Saint-Germain Football Club was formed in 1970 from the suburb of Stade Saint-Germain after a merger with Paris FC. Paris Saint-Germain welcomes its opponents in the existing since 1897 Parc des Princes in the 16th arrondissement of the city. After Paris Saint-Germain took the place of Stade Saint-Germain in Division 2, the league rookie succeeded in 1971, the immediate promotion to Division 1 After a 16th place in the first season 1971/72, the club lost its license since he violated the rules of the football association FFF. Accordingly, each professional club also departments for amateur and youth teams must be present. Paris Saint-Germain was downgraded to the third amateur league and Paris FC took over the place in Division 1. At the same time changed the squad of PSG to the PFC.
From 1973, the fashion designer Daniel Hechter was involved as a financier and in 1974 for four years the club president. Under the leadership of coach Just Fontaine, most successful scorer of the 1958 World Cup with 13 goals, the Parisiens reported back to the 1974/75 season back in the French football club house. After average years in the 1970s, the Rouges et Bleus were able to celebrate their first successes in the early 1980s by winning the Coupe de France in 1982 and 1983. The preliminary highlight was winning the championship in the 1985/86 season. Under the leadership of coach Gérard Houllier and goalkeeper Joël Bats, midfielders Luis Fernández and Safet Sušić and striker Dominique Rocheteau the club remained unbeaten until the 20th matchday and finished the season by a margin of three points to Nantes.
The most successful time of the capital city was in the 1990s. In 1991, the pay-TV channel Canal + took over the club. The second championship in 1994 won the red-blue with coach Artur Jorge and the national goalkeeper Bernard Lama, the fierce midfielder Raí and David Ginola and George Weah, the Liberian world footballer of 1995. Furthermore, the cup competition Coupe de France in 1993, 1995 and 1998 on the account the Parisian. In the League Cup was as successful as in the game for the French Supercup in 1995 and 1998. At European level PSG could celebrate winning the European Cup Winners’ Cup in 1996 against Rapid Wien and the following year the final play-off. There they lost 1-0 to FC Barcelona. PSG is the youngest club to win a European Cup.
Paris Saint-Germain remained successful, albeit without a championship title, in the following years. In the previous collection of titles joined three other Cup victories in 2004, 2006, 2010 and a League Cup triumph 2008. In 2001, they were one of three winners in the UI Cup. Since May 2011, the Qatar investor Qatar Sport Investment (QSI) has held 70% of the shares in Paris Saint-Germain. With the new donors behind it, millions of player transfers have been made to the Ligue 1 season 2011/12. The Argentine Javier Pastore came for 42 million euros from the US Palermo. Local players Jérémy Ménez, Kevin Gameiro, Blaise Matuidi and Malian Mohamed Sissoko, Maxwell and Thiago Motta also moved to the city on the Seine. Despite the first league table position replaced Carlo Ancelotti end of December 2011 Antoine Kombouaré on the bench. At the end of the season contributed the player obligations of the capital city of no fruits. It was after a competitive season against the surprise champion HSC Montpellier, who celebrated his first championship, failing.
Further reinforcements were committed for the 2012/13 season. Swedish striker Zlatan Ibrahimović came from AC Milan in a package with Brazilian defender Thiago Silva for € 62m. Added to this were Ezequiel Lavezzi for about 30 million euros from SSC Naples and Lucas for about 43 million euros from São Paulo FC. This high transfer cost this time bear fruit, Paris Saint-Germain won between 2013 and 2016 four times in a row, the French championship.
In contrast to other traditional European derbies such as the Glasgow Old Firm, the Manchester Derby, the Derby della Capitale in Rome or the inner French between the AS Saint-Étienne and Olympique Lyon, the duel between PSG and OM looks back on a relatively short period of time. In contrast, it has become the most problematic duel in the country. Unlike other Derbys the duel draws its explosiveness not from the proximity, as in the Revierderby Dortmund against Schalke or the Frankenderby Nuremberg against Fürth, but from the fact that Paris and Marseille largest cities and OM as PSG are the most popular and influential football clubs in France. The two clubs are so far the only French winners of a major European competition (OM 1993 and PSG 1996). The rivalry between the two cities does not only refer to football, but also to historical, cultural and social levels. The cosmopolitan city of Paris in the north of the centralist France, which puts all other cities in the shade, against the port of Marseille, which is 800 km to the south, in the sunny south on the Gulf of Golfe du Lion. In the Ligue 1 season 2011/12 occupied Paris Saint-Germain and Olympique Marseille with an average of 42.882 and 40.445 spectators 1st and 2nd place on the staging table. Other places included Olympique Lyon (33,067), AS Saint-Étienne (21,478), Toulouse FC (21,446) and Stade Rennes (20,725).
The first meeting took place on December 12, 1971, the 18th game day of Division 1 1971/72. There Olympique retained the upper hand in the home Stade Vélodrome with a 4: 2. Paris won the highest derby victory for itself. On January 8, 1978, the Elf from Marseille was 1-0 lead, but ultimately they were clearly inferior to Paris in the 1-5 defeat. Of a derby you could not speak at this time, the clashes were until the 1980s without great rivalry. This changed when Paris Saint-Germain made its first successes and Bernand Tapie became president of the Phocéens. Marseille’s competitors AS Saint-Étienne (1970s) and Girondins Bordeaux (1980s) weakened and with the Parisians a new point of friction emerged. For the journalist and author Alain Pécheral this opposition between the fans is also a partially artificially created, with the end of the 1980s, the TV channel and PSG sponsor Canal + and OM President Tapie – as both sides later admitted – the interest in the encounters between the two Wanted to “fire up” teams.
A first highlight in the encounters came in the late 1980s. Shortly before the end of the season on the 35th matchday 1988/89 they met at the same time in Marseille. By the 90th minute had a 0: 0 inventory, then marked Franck Sauzée with a placed 30-meter long shot the redeeming 1: 0 for Olympique. Paris was unable to make up for that deficit in the three games they played and OM celebrated another championship after 17 years. The acquisition of PSG in 1991 by Canal + with owner Michel Denisot and later club president continues to fuel the opposition of OM and PSG. With high investments in the player cadre the superior power of the southern Frenchmen should be broken. Before the first leg of the 1992/93 season in Paris gave PSG coach Artur Jorge an interview. There he announced: “We will beat her.” In response, OM President Tapie had the relevant newspaper article posted in the crew’s cabin. The desired effect was not lacking. The Marseillais won back and forth matches and became champions at the end of the season ahead of Paris. In the following season 1993/94, the Red-blue series champions replaced Marseille as champions with an eight-point lead. In the following years, both clubs in the league had to settle for front seats and as runner-up other teams such as the AJ Auxerre, AS Monaco and Girondins Bordeaux precedence. In the 2000s, OM and PSG went through mixed years and series champions Olympique Lyon (2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008) moved lonely at the top of the Ligue 1 circuit.
Since the mid-1990s, the derby has been overshadowed again and again by violent riots among the fan groups. A sad climax in the history of the Classique occurred on February 28, 2010. A PSG fan named Yann L. fell into a coma, with severe head injuries from beatings and kicks by PSG supporters of a rival fan group. During the riots, another 20 people were arrested. On March 18, 2010, Yann L. died of his injuries. Four people were arrested in connection with Yann L.’s death. As a consequence, the club sold until further notice no tickets for away games.
Because of the violent clashes in the past were allowed to travel to the league match on 7 October 2012 in Marseille only 400 supporters from Paris. The stadium had specially segregated areas ready. Other followers were given a travel ban on the Paris route to Marseille.